Featuring: Anju T Peters, MD
Background: Limited data exist on the clinical and economic burden of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP).
Objective: To describe patient characteristics, health-care resource utilization (HCRU), and health-care costs among patients with CRSwNP with and without comorbid asthma (primary analysis) and with surgical management of nasal polyps (secondary analysis).
Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients diagnosed with CRSwNP conducted using administrative claims data from January 1, 2013, through March 31, 2019. Study outcomes were assessed over a 2-year follow-up. Results were stratified by baseline asthma status (primary analysis) and presented separately for patients with surgically managed CRSwNP (secondary analysis).
Results: The primary analysis included 10,999 patients with CRSwNP (2649 with asthma, 8350 without asthma). Patients with versus without asthma had higher medication use, HCRU, and all-cause medical costs (mean ± standard deviation $34,667 ± $42,234 versus $27,122 ± $45,573; p < 0.001) across the full follow-up period. CRSwNP-related medical costs were significantly higher for patients with versus without asthma in year 2 of follow-up. In the surgical management analysis (n = 4943), most categories of medication use and CRSwNP-related HCRU declined from baseline levels during follow-up, and CRSwNP-related pharmacy costs in year 2 were less than half of baseline levels.
Conclusion: Patients diagnosed with CRSwNP and asthma had a greater burden of illness than those without asthma. Higher CRSwNP-related medical costs in year 2 of follow-up for patients with asthma may indicate worsening symptoms over time. Among patients with surgically managed CRSwNP, HCRU and costs increased in year 1 of follow-up but decreased below baseline levels in year 2, potentially reflecting improved symptom severity.
This abstract was originally published in Allergy and Asthma Proceedings on September 1, 2022.
Anju T Peters, MD, professor of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery and Allergy and Immunology in the Department of Medicine.
Northwestern Medicine welcomes the opportunity to partner with you in caring for your patients.